Individual Choice and Autonomy
We may not always be able to allow learners to choose what they learn, but as instructional designers, we can allow them to choose how they learn by presenting options for how the student accesses the information. They should also be able to have choices in the level of difficulty presented, and the preferred type of reinforcement. Just providing choices does not solve the problem. Rather, knowing the learner and the options they prefer will make the information more accessible and provide autonomy for the learner.